As a Charlotte Mason educator, the study of people and places are important to a child’s education. Using living books to study people and places are what brings history alive to those reading and learning.
Many readers have been enjoying my 10 People series and this one has been done because of a request.
Here is my list of 10 People from BC Times worth studying:
Alexander the Great – Living from 356 to 323, Alexander was a king of a region in Greece known as Macedon. Although he inherited a large kingdom from his assassinated father, his quest for expanding was always there. He tactics in war and conquest have become examples for those who came after him, which is what has given him his name… ‘the Great'.
Socrates – Considered the founder of western philosophy, he lived from 469 to 399 BC in Athens, Greece.
Plato – A student of Socrates, Plato lived in the late 420's to 340's BCs. He is most known as a philosopher in Classical Greece. He was the founder of the Academy of Athens, which was the first institution of higher learner.
Julius Caesar – He lived 100 to 44 BC, who played a role in social and government reformed and is known for creating the Julian calendar. He was assassinated by a Roman senator, Brutus.
Octavius – He was the founder of the Roman Empire and is better knowns as Augustus. He worked to defeat the assassins of Julius Caesar, along with Mark Anthony.
Mark Anthony – A cousin of Julius Caesar, he was a general who joined forces with Octavius after the death of Caesar. However, later he and Octavius started a Civil War against each other. His life end, along with Cleopatra, in 30 BC is what his is most known for and not his part in taking Roman from a Republic to an Empire.
Cicero – He was a Roman philosopher, who lived from 106 to 43 BC that greatly influenced the Latin language.
Virgil – He was a Roman poet who lived from 70 to 19 BC.
Chihoang-Ti – The Chinese ruler who had the Great Wall of China built from 263 to 236 BC.
Hipparchus of Nice – He was responsible for the beginning of geographical and astromical science during 160 to 125 BC.
Are you looking for some more people from BC times to study? Take a look at these resources!
Inventions are such a part of history that leaving them out of your homeschooling would be a shortcoming. Charlotte Mason loved to introduce things to children and leave them be for them to grow a science of education with them. Inspiration comes from this way of educating.
Here are 10 Inventors your children should know about:
Benjamin Franklin – If you didn't realize that Benjamin Franklin was an inventor, you have missed a huge part of his life. He was the inventor of many things, but here are a few things that you would want to be sure your children knew about: bifocal glasses, a stove, which allowed people to cook on them, lightening rods (to prevent fires during lightening storms) and swim fins.
Thomas Edison – We have Thomas Edison to thank for the light bulb, which most of us know. But did you know that he also invented the first phonograph? You may not know what that really is but if I told you that it was an invention that recorded sound, you will see that because of his invention, our technology today stems from his invention.
Eli Whitney – You may know that Eli Whitney is known for his invention of the cotton gin, a machine that massed produced cotton. Did you know that he also created what we now know to be ‘an assembly line' for mass production. He took 10 pieces of each part of a musket to the Secretary of War and quickly assembled 10 muskets in front of him, amazing the secretary of the effeciency of this idea.
The Wright Brothers – Did you know that two brothers, Orville and Wilbur Wright were the first in flight in America? Inspired by their observation of birds, they constructed many gliders before inventing their first powered airplane.
Henry Ford – In the same year that the Wright Brothers took flight, 1903, Henry Ford had announced that he was going to make automobiles for the masses. With the same assembly line concept that Eli Whitney used to manufactor muskets, Henry Ford instituted 8 hour work days, with 3 shifts, so that production was always going. This amazing achievement allowed for one Model T to be built in just 24 seconds and at one time, they were sold for $280!
Alexander Graham Bell – We all know that Alexander Graham Bell was the inventor of the first telephone, but he was an inventor and he didn't stop there. He improved on Thomas Edison's phonogram and later invented a device called an “phonophone”, which allowed sound to travel on a beam of light. This invention has lead to modern inventions of laser and fiber optic in communication. He used tragic events, like the assissinaton of President Garfield and the death of his son to make inventions to better life.
Robert Fulton – You may know that Robert Fulton was the inventor of the first commercial steam boat, but did you know that he also invented the first submersible submarine. His invention allowed 2 men to stay submerced in the water for up to 5 hours at a time.
George Eastman – A photographer himself, George Eastman wanted to invent the first camera that would allow anyone, not just trained photographers to take a photo. He proclaimed “you push the button, we will do the rest” when he invented the first rolled film for the Kodak company.
George Stephenson – George Stephenson was the inventor of the first steam engine train. These trains had to be hand made, like a blacksmith would make a horse shoe, so it took a lot of time and energy to make each part of the train. In addition to inventing the steam engine, he was also the first one to make a public railways.
Elias Howe – Elias Howe was the inventor of the first sewing machine patent. Although Isaac Singer is credited with this invention, it was Howe who invented the machine. Howe made his fortune from lawsuits for people using his designs and profiting from them. This was a welcomed invention for women, who up to this time, made their family's clothes by hand.
Do you want your children to really love history? You should try introducing them to living books, with the Charlotte Mason way to open the minds to the world around them.
I have been sharing post with 10 people to study for themed studies, which includes 10 Revolutionary War Men and now, I'm excited to share about 10 Revolutionary War Women who have done their part in securing our freedom and even forming our nation.
Abigail Adams – During her husband's participation in the Continential Congress, Abigail wrote many letters that would help form his opinion and that of the other founding fathers. When her husband, John Adams, became the 2nd President of the our United States, she was foundly called “Mrs. President” for her part in forming our nation.
Betsy Ross – We owe our American flag to Betsy Ross, although her first flag isn't what we have today, much of it still remains the same. She received the commission to make this flag from friend, George Washington.
Molly McCauley – When seeing her husband wounded in the war, Molly ran to his side and served him from a pitcher. After tending to him, she took his place at the cannon and aided in pushing the British into retreat. Impressed by her service to her husband and her country, George Washington warmly called her “Molly Pitcher”. Consider introducing your children to one of my children's favorite animated history DVDs!
Sybil Ludington – If you have introduced your children to Paul Revere, you MUST introduce them to another midnight rider of that famous night, Sybil Ludington. Her ride, although not famous, was twice as long as that of Paul's but just as important as she was spreading the important news of the night to all that she came across.
Deborah Sampson – Disguised as Robert Shirtliffe, Deborah enlisted in the patriot's forces fighting for freedom. Although she was wounded in the war, her secret was kept by the doctor who cared for her and allowed her to continue to fight for freedom's cause. At the end of the war, she was honorably discharged.
Penelope Barker – Without violence and waste, Penelope was able to show Britain that she and the women in her Edenton Tea Party group who boycotted British goods that the women stood behind their men in the fight for freedom.
Prudence Wright – If you have ever learned about the minute men, you will be intrigued to know that there were minute women on one night in Massachusetts. Having their men gone to looking for the British in another area, the women of the town of Groton dressed in their husband's clothes, grabbing anything that would work as a weapon and guarded the bridge into town.
Margaret Corbin – Following her husband in the war, she took his spot at the cannon when he was killed. She too, was wounded and being left for dead was found and nurtured by a passing doctor. With her wounds being permanently disabling she became a part of the ‘Invalid Regiment' and was the first woman to receive a lifetime pension for her service in the war.
Martha Bratton – Her and her husband were the care taker of the gun powder. During one of the attacks from the British, she was captured by later released. The same British captain that released her was later captured and she returned the favor. Shortly after that, she opened a hospital, where she nursed wounded both American and British soldiers.
Emily Geiger – As a message for the patriots, she was captured and while she was waiting to be searched by a loyalist woman, she ate the paper that contained the important message but not before she memorized it. Not finding any message, she was released and was able to get the message to General Sumter, who was able to arrive on time and assist the patriots who beckoned his help.Here are a few of my favorite history teaching aids: American Heritage Series from David Barton, Homeschool in the Woods Revolutionary Lapbook and Homeschool in the Woods Timeline Figures.
The American Revolution is one of our favorite times in history. We love to use living books, and study a person for a period of time, like Charlotte Mason recommended, so we can really get to know the era in which they lived.
George Washington – Truly one of my family's favorite people to study during this time period of America's earliest founding. As a young man, George was brave and showed many abilities to strategize and make clear decisions that proved necessary. Prior to becoming our first President, George grew his skills in the the French and Indian War, earning him the reputation that provided him the honor to lead us into the Revolutionary War to fight for our freedom from Britain. He demonstrated amazing characteristics and many young men would enjoy learning some of his favorite tips in behavior.
Benjamin Franklin – One of the most intriguing men of this era, Benjamin Franklin was for sure one of curious nature. Many people know that Benjamin was a printer, using his trade to further the call of freedom leading up to the revolt of the Revolutionary War, however many do not know of his many inventions and inspirations that came from his brilliant mind. Although many would like us to believe that Franklin was not a man of faith, his own writing would prove them wrong, as he often times would be the voice to putting prayer as the first action before decisions that were made. He is also known for his quick sayings of wisdom that would be perfect for any copywork assignment.
Samuel Adams – Known as the Father of the American Revolution, Samuel Adams is credited with starting the call to freedom and a member of a group of men, patriots, who called themselves The Sons of Liberty. Samuel was an intricate part of the uprise against the Stamp Act and the Tea Act, which resulted in the Boston Tea Party.
John Adams – The cousin of Samuel Adams, John is mostly known as the 2nd President of the United States but like his cousins, he was instrumental in the freedoms we gained during the Revolutionary Wars. During the infamous battles of the Revolutionary War, John was serving as a diplomate to France and Holland, negotiating the treaty of peace that would end this war and win our freedom from Britain.
Paul Revere – A Bostonian patriot, Paul Revere was a skilled silversmith who is well known for his part in alarming those who were sleeping that ‘the British are coming' after being signaled that with the ‘one if by land, two if by sea' lanterns. He wasn't alone in this endeavor to awake the patriots who were ready to fight for their freedoms, but we focus on him because of the path that his journey lead and who he was alerting on that much remembered night, as he rode into Lexington to warn Samuel Adams and John Hancock, who were wanted for their involvement in signing the Declaration of Independence.
John Hancock – One of the most recognized names of the Declaration of Independence and where we get the phrase ‘can I have your John Hancock‘ when asking for a signature, due to the size of his signature that he affixed to that historical document. Some speculate that he signed his signature so large because he was the President of the Continental Congress. I find it humorous to know that after signing it, he stated “Old George won't need his spectacles to see that” – referring to King George of Great Britain.
Ethan Allen – A founder of the State of Vermont, Ethan Allen lead the Green Mountain Boys in the capture of Fort Ticonderoga in Lake Champlain. The capture of this Fort is rather delightful to learn about. He was once captured by the British, but later released in a prisoner exchange. He returned to the cause of freedom from Britain and was recognized by Congress for his acts during the Revolutionary War.
Francis Marion – Also known as the ‘Swamp Fox', Francis Marion lead a militia attack on the British army in the swamps of South Carolina. He was clever in his attacks and used tactics that were not familiar to others, giving them the upper hand in their battles. It is said that the United States Army Rangers was credited to him as they have adapted many of these useful tactics of war.
John Paul Jones – John Paul Jones entered the Revolutionary War as an adopted solider from Scotland. Entering the newly formed Navy, he took the battle to the shores of England. He is remembered for his bravery and never giving up hope, as his ship was taking on water, the other attacking captain asked him to surrender, to which he replied, “I have not yet begun to fight!” In that battle, it was Jones who won and the other captain that surrender.
Nathan Hale – A patriot spy that volunteered to go into British camps to gather their intel, knowing that such acts were punishable by death, risked his own life for the cause of freedom. Upon being captured and accused of spying, he was sentenced to death. Before being hanged, he stated “I regret that I only have but one life to lose for my country.”
Are you ready to jump into learning the Charlotte Mason way with your family? These explorers will make it easy for you to really learn how to do it with living books.
If you haven't seen the list of 10 Composers and 10 Artist that I have created for those working to implement the Charlotte Mason method and needing ideas of where to start.
Here are 10 Explorers that Charlotte Mason would want your kids to know:
Leif Eriksson – Leif was born in Ireland at the beginning of AD and was a Viking. I have great memories of studying this explorer with my older children, using the book Leif the Lucky. He is known for settling Newfoundland and spreading Christianity.
Christopher Columbus – Probably one of the most well known explorers, Christopher was a devoted Christian and motivated to carried his faith to other lands. When he landed in the ‘new world', he named this land ‘San Salavador' meaning Saint Savior. An interesting thing to study with older children is his experience in the Bermuda Triangle.
Lewis & Clark – I have wonderful memories of studying this part of the United States expansion with my older children and look forward to doing this again, this coming year. If you don't know, Lewis and Clark were hired by President Jefferson to explore the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. I love their map work and nature journaling of the things that they were seeing for the first time.
Ronald Amundsen – Amundsen was the first explorer to the South Pole and the first one to fly over the Arctic. Reaching the South Pole in December of 1911 (their summer) was his second choice of exploration, as he first had wanted to be the first to reach the North Pole, but failed. He was a well accomplished explorer in many other areas as well and one that your kids would love to learn more about.
John Cabot – Cabot lived a little before Columbus and like him, he wanted to sail east to find other lands. For Cabot, he was searching for Asia but found Newfoundland that Eriksson had settled. There is a mystery around his last exploration that caused his return to England, where he shortly died after his return.
Samuel de Champlain – A French explorer that is known as the Father of New France (the French part of Canada), Champlain spent a lot of his time traveling back and forth from France and Canada with two purposes: to share his Christian faith and find a faster route from Canada. He mapped much of Canada and desired to map much more.
Henry Hudson – Leaving England the same year that Jamestown was settled, Hudson was heading in a more northern direction toward Canada. Hudson River and Hudson Bay are named for him. He is well known for his Arctic and North American explorations.
James Cook – Cook is one of the most exciting explorers to study because he lead a sailing expedition around the world. His use of science and mathematics were one of his factors of success. He is credited for exploring Australia and the South Pacific.
Ferdinand Magellan – Inspired by the maps of Columbus, Magellan studies navigation and astronomy for years before leading the first sailing expedition around the world. It may be fun for children to learn that today there is a GPS device called the Magellan, named for this explorer.
Music appreciation was an important part of Charlotte Mason's method of educating. Her recommendations are still top favorites in our day, proving that good things last a long time and can be cherished by many different generations.
Just like her method in teaching art, Charlotte Mason believed in introducing something to the child and then allowing the relationship to form between the child and subject, resulting in a true education.
Here is the list of 10 Composers Charlotte Mason Would Want Your Kids to Know:
Ludwig van Beethoven – He was a German composer, as well, that lived until the early 1800's. One of my favorite pieces to introduce to my children is his Ninth Symphony, not because of the popularity of the music but because of the story behind its first being played in public. I won't share the story, because it is worth you digging in and find this inspirational and touching story of one of the most popular pieces in classical history.
Johannes Brahms – Another one of Germany's great composers, Johannes lived until the late 1800's. I would recommend introducing Symphony No 1 (4th Movement) as a great piece of his.
Frederic Chopin – A Polish composer living until the mid-1800's, when he died at just 39. A good piece to introduce to children is his Opus 7 No 2.
Edvard Grieg – A Norwegian composer who died in the early 1900's was instrumental (yes, I love to play on words) in bringing his country international recognition through is music. You may enjoy listening to In Der Halle Des Bergkonigs.
George Frideric Handel – Another German born composer, who lived until the 1700's, is most famous for his beautiful work of the Messiah. It is truly a must listen to piece!
Wolfgang Mozart – One of the most popular composers who also was born in Germany and lived to the late 1700's. His pieces have been shown to be great to listen to while children do quiet play or work, like math, as it engages the side of the brain best for these things. Here is a selection for Tuning Up the Mind and on for Relaxing, Daydream and Draw that I would highly recommend.
Peter Tchaikovsky – A Russian composer who lived until the late 1800's is one of the composers that is widely recognized for his works: The Nutcracker and Swan Lake.
Vivaldi – You must introduce your children to the Four Seasons, which is one of my favorite pieces of classical music. The tempo of each piece can almost be felt, as you listen to the seasons being played within your ears.
Here are some good selections of these composers who Charlotte Mason would want your kids to know: